European bison

Did you know that European bison once inhabited almost the entire European area?

The world associates the European bison with Poland and the most valuable forest in the European Lowlands, i.e. Bialowieza Forest. This largest European mammal was finally killed by humans in the wild at the beginning of the 20th century and it was only thanks to painstaking efforts that its population has been restored. Today it is under strict protection, yet it is beginning to be seen as a problem species…


By symbolically adopting an animal, you are supporting WWF’s efforts to strengthen conservation and continue the recovery of this species.


Limited area

Limited range and low availability of habitat suitable for bison is a big problem for expanding the range of this species. Therefore bison are usually present in local, partly isolated populations. Urbanization of the area means that only few areas meet the requirements for reintroduction of this species.



Limited natural areas create a risk of appearance of bison in the vicinity of humans and, e.g. destruction of crops. Such situations are the reason for a reluctance to protect the bison. The higher the density of bison, the higher the potential damage. Therefore, it is necessary to allow for the bison to occupy as large an area as possible and, at the same time, live in smaller herds.


Pressure on culling

Density of some populations creates pressure on the herd reduction hunting. The situation is similar with old specimens in breeding facilities where cubs are born. The problem may be the pressure to make this shooting a commercial hunt. Other solutions should be sought and the elimination of free-ranging animals and herds must be the last resort.


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